Premium Tourism Business on Komodo Island ‘Heats Up’ –
The government claims that the development of natural tourism in Manggarai Barat Flores, NTT already has a large circulation of money. Head of the West Manggarai Regency Government Tourism Office, Agustinus Rinus, the total Non-Tax State Revenue (PNBP) of West Manggarai Regency in 2019 is around IDR 46 billion. Unfortunately, only Rp. 6 billion came from ticket sales to Komodo National Park. Meanwhile, the central government received PNBP of Rp. 34 billion based on PP No. 14/2014 from the Komodo National Park.
Rinus acknowledged this condition because the selling price of admission tickets to the Komodo National Park (TNK) was due to tensions between the central government and the regional government of East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) because the entrance to KNP is not one door.
This is because the KNP entrances, which are managed directly by the central government, are on Komodo Island and Padar Island. Meanwhile, the TKN entrances managed by the West Manggarai Regency Government are on Rinca Island and Labuan Bajo. The details used by the district government are based on Perda No. 1/2018, the ticket price for foreign tourists is IDR 100,000, IDR 50,000 for domestic tourists, IDR 20,000 for local tourists.
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As a result, data on the number of tourist visits and PNBP are out of sync. Because the price of the entrance ticket sold is also different. Previously, Rinus had also stated that the discourse of Labuan Bajo as a premium tourism has prompted the Regional Government to immediately investigate a number of problems that have not been resolved or have just emerged.
In addition, land disputes are one of the serious problems of tourism development efforts in Labuan Bajo. He said, the premium-class tourism discourse has made residents flock to claim their land and take care of land ownership papers. “It turns out that a lot of land has multiple owners, including conflicts over land that will be used as an expansion area for Labuan Bajo Airport,” said Rinus.
The premium tourism discourse of Labuan Bajo has also made the practice of buying and selling land for local residents to foreigners more rampant. As a result, in processing the letter, Rinus said that there was still the practice of inclusion of ownership status using the names of local residents. Apart from the agrarian problem that has an impact on regional revenues, another factor is the problem of tourist retribution.
This is related to differences in regulations from the central government and local governments regarding the entrance fee to the Komodo National Park area. He also proposed the importance of receiving tariffs from one door, namely through the West Manggarai Regency Government to prevent overlapping revenue problems. Rinus explained that stakeholder commitment in recording their assets in the West Manggarai area is still low.
For example, the reason for the occupancy rate of hotel rooms in Labuan Bajo on average only ranges from 5 to 6 days per year is because the majority of tourists choose to stay on boats.
Rinus explained that in the waters of Labuan Bajo there were about 500 ships scattered, but only 56 ships were recorded last year with a Taxpayer Identification Number (NPWP) in Labuan Bajo. The rest, have NPWP status from Jakarta or Surabaya and its surroundings.
According to Rinus, this condition triggered losses for the local government in encouraging revenue and continuing the development process. “Should have lived here, taxes here. After we controlled it and made it compulsory to have an office in Bajo, now the NPWP is almost 300 here, the rest is not yet, “said Rinus. Rinus assessed that the development of Labuan Bajo as a premium tourism could only be realized if it involved the local community.
Therefore, he hopes that the central government can sharply formulate in the near future the plan for Labuan Bajo to become a premium tourism. So that a number of complex problems in the area can immediately find solutions. – Komodo Island –